Alternatives to Arthroscopic Surgery

 Alternatives to Arthroscopic Surgery


Arthroscopic surgery is one of the common surgeries for joint problems. However, it can be risky and is not the only option for people with joint pain. Fortunately, there are several alternatives to arthroscopic surgery that can provide effective relief for joint pain and inflammation. 


From non-surgical options like physical therapy and medication to medical surgeries like ultrasound-guided injections and stem cell therapy, you have now far better options. This article will explore the alternatives to arthroscopic surgery, including physical therapy, medications, and lifestyle changes to improve joint health. 


Physical Therapy for Joint Problems


Joint problems, such as osteoarthritis, can significantly impact your quality of life. Physical therapy is a non-invasive alternative that can help effectively manage pain and inflammation caused in the joints. It involves exercises and stretches designed to improve joint mobility, strength, and flexibility.


Various techniques, such as manual therapy, heat therapy, or cold therapy, are helpful for many individuals. Research has shown that physical therapy can be as effective as surgery for many joint problems, including knee and hip osteoarthritis. In addition, it can help patients avoid the risks related to surgery, such as infection.


Medications for Joint Pain


While there are several treatments available, medications are often the first preference. Here are some common medications that are used widely for its treatment:


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, are commonly used to reduce inflammation and relieve pain. They work by blocking the production of certain enzymes that cause inflammation.


Acetaminophen: Acetaminophen is a pain reliever that can help alleviate joint pain. Unlike NSAIDs, it does not reduce inflammation, but it is considered safer for long-term use.


Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids, such as prednisone, are used to reduce inflammation and relieve pain in joints.


Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs): DMARDs, such as methotrexate, are used to lower the progression of joint problems, such as rheumatoid arthritis. They work by suppressing the immune system and reducing inflammation.


Although, it's important to note that seeking medications can have side effects and may not be suitable for everyone. One must not take any medication without consulting their healthcare provider. 

Lifestyle Changes to Improve Joint Health

Here are some of the highlighted tips which you can follow to win over it:



Regular exercise is effective and helpful to improve joint flexibility, strength, and mobility. Swimming and cycling are beneficial for joint health but they might be a bit difficult to perform for aged people. Yet, you can start with yoga, stretching, etc.


Maintain a healthy weight

Excess weight can affect joints, especially the knees, and hips. Maintaining a healthy weight can reduce the risk of joint problems.


Eat a balanced diet

A balanced diet that is rich in nutrients, such as vitamin D and calcium, can help improve bone health. Moreover, avoiding processed and oily foods would be a healthy option.


Manage stress

Stress can make worsen the problem. Stress management techniques, such as meditation and yoga, can help reduce stress levels and improve joint health. 

Other Alternative Treatments for Joint Problems

Injection therapy 

Injection therapy involves injecting medication directly into the affected area. Common injection therapies include corticosteroid injections, hyaluronic acid injections, and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections. 



 Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine. Here, thin needles are used to insert into specific points in the body of the patients. Although its effectiveness is still a debatable topic. Other therapies, such as massage, chiropractic care, and herbal remedies, can also provide relief for it. 


Ultrasound-guided injections 

It involves using ultrasound imaging to inject medication directly into the affected joint. It ensures that the medication is injected into the precise location of the joint, which can increase its effectiveness.


Platelet-rich plasma (PRP)  

It has become an increasingly popular alternative to arthroscopic surgery. A concentrated solution of platelets is taken from the patient's blood and injected into the affected joint. This can promote tissue healing and reduce inflammation. 


Stem cell therapy

Stem cell therapy promotes tissue healing and regeneration. They are identical cells that can develop into different types of cells, such as muscle, cartilage, or bone. However, research on stem cell therapy for joint problems is still in its early stages.



Arthroscopic surgery is a common treatment for joint problems, but it may have some risks. With several alternatives available, we can effectively manage the pain and inflammation caused in joints. It includes injection therapy, acupuncture, ultrasound-guided injections, platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and stem cell therapy. However, patients should first consult professionals and healthcare providers to find the best treatment plan according to their individual needs.


Also Read: The Concept of Sports Medicine: What is it?